Intergovernmental Collaborative Action Fund for Excellence
" A New Beginning as an Invitation to tolerance "
Presently, the Earth’s physico - structural & eco-environmental systems are acutely under strain owing particularly commercio - industrial malpractices and the militriostrategic priorities, bringing havoc to natural cycles of the planet. Carbon-based economy and consumption patterns among others have unleashed the perils of global warming and climate change, which have in turn induced ranges of calamities (e.g., drought, desertification, deforestation, glacio - iceberg melting, rising seas, reducing surface waters, rain-reduction, cyclones, hurricanes, tsunamis, floods, earthquakes), still producing disastrous impacts (e.g., agricultural ruin-age, food reduction, livestock reduction, marine-stock reduction). The result is a widespread habitat loss, property damage, bio-botanic decay, malnutrition, hunger, disease, pestilence, poverty, tension, and war, with spiraling gloomy consequences. These are yet accentuated by burgeoning pollution of the lithosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere, and even the outer space. Ruthless exploitation of the Earth’s living and non-living resources, in the oblivion of the planet’s regenerative capacities and sustaining processes, have critically damaged the renewable planetary system almost beyond the threshold of reversibility. In the face of exploding human population with constantly increasing needs, and rapidly shrinking resources with irreversible trends, the integrity and interdependence of terrestrial elements have been lost, detrimentally disturbing the fragile life-supporting system. Thus, not only the planet and its constituents have become ill, but also the animal existence has been brought to a brink of extinction. Human society and civilization are in particular at the path of suffocation, with serious implications (socio-cultural, financio - economic, politico-administrative, etc.)
Particularly I.C.A.F.E offers proposals approach to leadership development by:
“shall further the activities of the United Nations for the maintenance of peace”
Dignity and justice for us all:
Particularly I.C.A.F.E proposals approach various countries here according to the European Union as agreements are signed or both ratified as well for better development:
“Ratification” and “signature” are both different names for the process whereby a state indicates to the other contraction parties its consent to be bound by the adopted international agreement. But still there is a difference between both terms. “Signature” is a process that has different legal meanings depending on the circumstances in which it is performed. A distinction is made between “simple signature”, which is subject to ratification, and “definitive signature”, which is not subject to ratification. The “simple signature” applies to most multilateral treaties.
This means that when a State signs the treaty, the signature is subject to ratification, acceptance or approval. The State has not expressed its consent to be bound by the treaty until it ratifies, accepts or approves it. In that case, a State that signs a treaty is obliged to refrain, in good faith, from acts that would defeat the object and purpose of the treaty. Signature alone does not impose on the State obligations under the treaty. For states this usually means that the international agreement has to be put before the national parliament for approval, thereby giving the people a direct say in the external activities of the state. The “definitive signature”, in contrary, occurs where a State expresses its consent to be bound by a treaty by signing the treaty without the need for ratification, acceptance or approval. A State may definitively sign a treaty only when the treaty so permits. To make the comparison: a definitive signature has the same force as a simple signature, which is followed by ratification. Although this last process is becoming more common in international relations, the more commonly used procedure is still signature followed by ratification at a later stage. Because of the fact that the Convention does not contain a provision stipulating the possibility of a definitively sign, signing the Convention only causes the effects of a simple signature. Thereby, ratification after a signature is necessary for a State to be bound to it. “Ratification” in contrary to “signature” refers to the act undertaken in the international plane, whereby a State establishes its consent to be bound by a treaty. Usually ratification involves two distinct procedural acts. The first is related to the constitutional (internal) laws of a contracting party. It involves the international procedure that must be fulfilled before the state can assume the international obligations enshrined in the international agreement. In many instances this involves approval by the national parliament. The second element deals with the external (international) level. It is the process through which the contracting party indicates its consent to be bound to the other contracting parties. Historically, ratification was intended to avoid that the representative exceeded his powers or instructions with regard to the making of a particular agreement. With the decline of absolute sovereigns and the increase of parliamentary democracies the consent by ratification has acquired a new meaning. Although it still gives the contracting parties the chance to weigh and consider their options under the proposed agreement, its most important role is to give the national parliament, and therefore the citizens, a direct sat in the public affairs of the state. To summarize this topic, the countries, which only signed, but not ratified the Convention, have for the moment only an obligation to refrain, in good faith, from acts that would defeat the object and purpose of the treaty. Ratification stays necessary before the Convention becomes part of the legal system of those countries.
"Please note We do not ask for Contributions, we only seek to establish networks with educational entities & governments"
Rule of procedure in accordance to International law & United Nations registry.